Scaling and Polishing

What is teeth scaling and polishing?

Scaling and polishing, also commonly known as teeth cleaning, is one of the most basic dental treatments. Despite brushing and flossing after every meal, plaque and tartar will still build up on your teeth after eating, resulting in serious gum diseases or tooth decay in the long run. Thus, it is necessary to go for routine check-ups and cleaning by dental professionals.


“Scaling” removes hardened plaque and tartar (calculus) stuck to your teeth using our ultrasonic scalers. This instrument removes unwanted dirt by knocking them out using its ultrasonic vibrations. It can remove tartar way faster than just using a manual hand scaler in the past.
“Polishing” on the other hand, is the use of a spinning polishing cup/brush to remove plaque and stains on the surface of your teeth. This procedure also smoothens out the external surfaces, making it harder for dirt to get attached to your teeth.
To end the scaling and polishing session, your dentist may apply a concentrated fluoridated gel on your teeth, if required. This gel comes in various flavours such as raspberry, and the purpose of this gel is to aid in the prevention of tooth decay by making the tooth more resistant to acid attacks from bacteria in our mouth.

Why should I scale and polish my teeth?

Dental plaque and calculus (or commonly known as tartar) consist of bacteria that can damage both your teeth and your gums.
The initial stage of gum disease is called Gingivitis. This is the initial stage where the gums’ inflammation occurs, causing your gums to look reddish and bleed easily. Without treatment, Gingivitis can lead to more severe gum disease called periodontitis.
There may be damage at the inner layer of the gums at this stage, causing your bone to pull away from your teeth, resulting in small pockets being formed. As gum disease worsens, the pockets deepen, and more gum tissue and bone get destroyed and loosens the teeth. This may eventually lead to tooth loss in the long run if not treated in time!

Is teeth polishing necessary?

Scaling removes all the dirt from your teeth, but polishing is the procedure that helps prevent and delay future attachment and accumulation of new dirt.
At Nayan Dental Clinic, we make use of the Prophy-Jet air-powder polishing system to improve the result. Air-powder polishing is a method of polishing the teeth using a concentrated spray of air, water, and very fine powder.
The pressure of this combination effectively removes bacterial plaque accumulation and extrinsic stains, leaving behind a smooth and polished surface.